Góra Miedzianka – reserve
Miedzianka is an old Polish name for copper ore. The “Góra Miedzianka” reserve is located within the limits of the Chęciny-Kielce Landscape Park. It can be reached by taking the road that leads westward out of Chęciny, in the direction of Polichno and Miedzianka. The village and the hill lie in the western part of the Chęciny range. The hill is formed out of limestone dating back to the middle-late Devonian period (380-390 Ma). There is an abundance of Anthozoa and Stromatoporoidea remains to be seen there. When looking from the north, one can see that Miedzianka resembles Giewont (a mountain in the Polish Tatras) in shape. For this reason it is sometimes facetiously called „Giewont Świętokrzyski ”. In the past it was also known as Wielka Sowa and Góra Miedzińska. It is not known when the local deposits were first mined. In the inspection report of the Chęciny county that was done in 1569 there is a paragraph that reads:
“The fourth mountain lies behind the civic village of Polichno, it is called Miedzianka and the city foundries are located there. The copper ore from this hill is very good. It's azure is precious and the green marvellous. Much treasure came from this mountain in times past and today there is still a lot, but it must be worked, only a huge expense would have to be made”.
There is also a record of how Stanisław Łaszczyński found a treasure of Roman coins in 1902. The coins were found during the exploitation of an old heap at the southern slope of Miedzianka, where traces of past mining activity have been exposed. So, as we can see, Miedzianka played an important role in ore mining and can now aspire for the title of the Historical Center of Ore Mining for the whole Świętokrzyskie region. The reserve also includes sites where, in the past, limestone was mined for its unique colours. Light blue limestone layered with several generations of red-brown calcite veins, embellished with green and blue sputters of malachite and azurite was an attractive material for producing stone haberdashery items. Other minerals that can be found here include chrysocolla, chalcocite, chalcopyrite, copper, galena and traces of silver, coellite, pyrite, baryte and haematite. Prospecting and mining works led to the creation of a large underground network of excavation inside the hill. It is made up of rock voids that were formed due to the extraction of mineralized calcite veins, the mining of deposits accumulated in karst formations, as well as shafts and adits bored out in the calcareous rock. The total length of these underground excavations is ca. 4 kilometres. One of the last people who believed in the boundless treasures hidden inside Miedzianka were two brothers – Stanisław and Bolesław Łaszczyński. In the beginning of the 20th century they undertook an attempt to exploit copper ore. Alas, they only proved the sad truth that through the centuries of mining, the ore deposit on Miedzianka had been nearly exhausted. The Museum Chamber of Ore Mining located in a former school building in Miedzianka collects and exhibits items related to old mining work. The minerals and tools gathered here are a testament to the region's rich history and its importance. While wandering through the Chęciny-Kielce Landscape Park we traverse areas of intensive rock penetration in search of lead, copper, baryte and coloured limestone. There are many old mining shafts here that are often hidden from the human eye by vegetation. This is why it is crucial to take safety precautions and only move along marked trails.
We have thus reached the final destination on our archeogeological trail. A trail that connects the most interesting sites and towns that are of high importance to the geology of the Świętokrzyskie region. The idea of this project is not only to promote the presented sites but also to draw attention to the necessity of protecting them.
There are places outside the archeogeological trail that are no less attractive to geotourists visiting our region. Due to their high educational and scenic value they should not be missed.